top 5

Top 5 Steel-Producing Countries

The production and the import and export of steel are very crucial for a country’s economy. Nexus production and exports of steel are being cut by several global powers to rescue job markets. This article will give you a detailed insight into the market of iron in your country and other foreign countries.

The top 5 steel-producing countries are as follows.
  • China

In 2016 China produced 808.4 million metric tons of crude steel, which surpassed all the goals. Several other big economies, such as the United States, are holding talks with China on its extremely cheap exports of steel.

The crucial need to keep all the factories in the office is running to maintain the optimal GDP, and even making more progress; China is being forced to produce more crude steel compared to the entire world’s needs. China exports more than 106.6 million metric tons of crude steel every year and its most abundant by South Korea, Vietnam, and the Philippines. Most steel companies in China are state-owned and state-run.

  • Japan

Japan produces 104 million metric tons of crude steel full stop. The production rate of Japan was 110.6 million metric tons in 2014. Japan is the second-largest producer of steel globally and exports 40.4 million metric tons of steel. Despite the fall in the production rate of steel, Japan has managed to raise its export rate of 22%. The primary buyers of Japanese to South Korea, Thailand, and China

  • India

India is the world’s fourth-largest economy successfully produced 101 million metric tonnes of steel in February 2017. After reaching 95 million metric tons at the end of 2016, India overtook Japan and became the second-largest producer of crude steel in the world. The countries which buy steel from India are Bangladesh, Belgium, and Nepal. The top steel producers of India are the Tata Steel group, steel authority of India limited, and JSW steel limited.

  • The United States of America

The United States of America has experienced a short drop in crude steel production in 2016 from 88.2 million metric tons to 78.6 million metric tons. Us is the largest importer of steel from several other huge producers in developing economies. According to various researchers and economists, the excessive imports of steel from larger developing countries and economies are forcing the shutdown of the steel-producing industries. Hence it is causing a production deficit due to the job lay-offs.

The United States of America also exports nearly high-grade steel to almost 150 countries. The largest buyers are Canada and Mexico. The largest tube makers in the United States of America are US Steel, ArcelorMittal, and Nu cor.

  • Russia

From 2014 to 2016, Russia’s steel production has slowed down and has reduced to 68.6 million metric tons. However, by 2017, Russia produced 70.8 million metric tons of steel. Russia exports steel to Turkey, Taiwan, and Mexico. The largest steel producers of Russia Novolipetsk Steel, Evraz group, and Severstal JSC.

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covid-19

Impact Of COVID-19 On Manufacturing Industries

As India also implements work from home to find the breadth of COVID-19, its implementation looks very difficult in the manufacturing industry. This is leading to a lot of job losses as the economy of the country is slowing down. While IT companies hold experience in remote working practices, The Other industries in India have barely been comfortable with it yet. The majority of the sectors in India are, however, not open to the idea of the culture of working from home. Over the years, IT companies have developed themselves. They are equipped with all the necessary systems and the security features that allow their employees to work from home or work remotely.  Usually, 22% – 30%of the employees of these IT companies work from home given at any point in time. Now 90% of the employees are working remotely. Even IT companies are not yet ready to serve again on such a more massive scale basis.

However, according to Anjali Raghuvanshi, chief people officer, Randstad India, the advanced security measures will be looked into to maintain data security and confidentiality. According to various sources of information, traditional physical gatekeeping methods are also replaced by virtual gatekeeping.

Several Indian industry captains have taken over social media to talk about the pandemic coronavirus crisis. The situation has made the world hit the reset button once again as it let’s several other changes to venture in. To bring in these changes such as a more substantial digital outreach to abstain from personal contacts, most of the industries are recently adopting the accelerating Trend of work from home model. It is seen as a much more rational approach by several business leaders where the manufacturing industry in India finds it hard to adopt. Various companies are taking the work from the home model as a preventive measure towards the coronavirus pandemic. Still, the manufacturing industry is finding it very difficult as it requires human touch for specific jobs. In a nutshell, it is an adamant time for the people working in the manufacturing industries as their life has come to a halt even when the other sectors, such as IT is functional.

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steel

Steel: All You Need To Know About Steel

Steel which is an alloy of iron and carbon contains less than 2% carbon and 1% Manganese. Steel also comprises small amounts of Silicon Phosphorus Sulphur and oxygen. From our cars refrigerators and washing machine till cargo ships and surgical scalpels everything requires steel.

Steel is produced mainly in two ways. There are two main routes for making steel: the Blast Furnace Basic Oxygen Furnace Route and the electric arc root. The type of raw materials consumed for the manufacturing of the Steel in two different ways vary. The components which are commonly used for the steel manufactured by the BF-BOF route are iron ore, coal, and recycled steel. In the other procedure i.e. EAF, recycled steel is used along with electricity for the production of steel. Almost 70% of the Steelers produced using the black furnace basic oxygen furnace procedure. In this procedure, the ores are reduced to iron which is also called heat metal or pig iron. Then the iron is converted into Steel in the BOF. The Steel lesson cast and rolled and delivered as coil plate sections and bars.

The Steel which is made using the EAF procedure uses electricity to melt the recycled Steel. Various alloys are also added for adding to the required components and matching the chemical composition.

Steel products remain in use for decades before they are needed to be recycled. Hence recycled Steel is not enough to meet the growing demand for Steel. Hans most of the Steel contains recycled steel scrap as an input.

Various kinds of Steels based on different physical, chemical, and environmental properties. There are more than 3500 different grades of Steel present in the market today. There are 4 broad categories of Steel. These are carbon steel, tool steel, stainless steel, and alloy Steel. The majority of the steel produced is carbon Steel. Tools Steels are used only for developing various machine parts and tools. Most of the common household items consist of stainless steel which is composed of 10-20% chromium which offers corrosion resistance. Alloy Steel consists of various components such as iron, carbon, and other elements such as vanadium Silicon Nickel manganese Copper and chromium. 20 years have seen the development of 70% of modern Steel. Modern Steels are 35% lighter than the Steels which used to be used in the past. The world crude steel production has reached 1808.6 million tonnes in 2018. 

Steel provides great durability as compared to any other materials. This is totally recyclable and requires relatively low amounts of energy to be produced. Lightweight Steel is very helpful for saving energy as well as resources. Cell steel is recyclable. It is environment-friendly as well as sustainable. The steel industry has taken a lot of effort in the past decade for the reduction of dust and emissions. The steel industry has successfully modernised the procedures of producing Steel in the past couple of years that it requires only 40% of the energy for the production as compared to the past. Is recycled. It is very easy to recycle Steel as the recovery of Steel from the waste is very easy because of its unique magnetic properties. 

Steel is a very widely used manufacturing product because of office various Straits such as strength and durability. The key trait of steel is its sustainability. Hence, steel is widely used around the globe for various manufacturing purposes. Still doesn’t lose its unique properties irrespective of the number of times it undergoes the recycling process. Steel is one of the most valuable resources in the world because of its strength, sustainability, and versatility. It is used in countless industries such as the construction of buildings, stadiums, and bridges to automobiles, pipelines, farm equipment, and tools.

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steel

How Is Quenched Steel & Tempered Steel Made?

What is tempered Steel or quenched Steel?

The Steel of high strength and which is abrasion-free is commonly called quenched or tempered Steel. It is a highly resistant Steel with high fabrication qualities. It also possesses Mechanical properties as it is subjected to various processes for increasing the hardness and the strength of the Steel. The procedures are called quenching and tempering, and hence comes the name tempered or quenched Steel.

How is the quenching of Steel done?

In quenching, the Steel is heated, and an immediate cooling follows it in water comma oil and force. Over a certain period, the Steel has to be heated below the critical point to achieve effective tempering of it. And then it needs to be cooled at a special cooling rate in still air. The forced air mostly consists of Nitrogen. There are various parameters such as heating temperature, cooling method, cooling speed, which are monitored and controlled during the process of quenching the Steel. The formerly mentioned parameters independent of the hardness and the mechanical properties of the desired Steel.

Why is Steel quenched or tempered?

Steel is quenched or tempered to attain a higher toughness and ductility. It decreases the hardness of the Steel by the end of the quenching process. The Steel achieves less ductility and becomes more brittle after the process of tempering, and thus, tempering completely eradicates the hardness of the Steel. Hence, the quenching of the tempering of the steel makes it harder and more robust.

What are the different types of quenched and tempered Steel?

Quenched and tempered Steel can be segmented into three different varieties.

  • Grade 800:

It is a hard and abrasion-resistant Steel. It is an appropriate carbon percentage for optimizing welding. When low hydrogen consumables are provided this type of tempered and quenched Steel can be welded into itself as well as other grades of Steel

  • Grade 400

This type of quenched and tempered Steel can be successfully cold-formed to entirely stop this type as it is also highly hard and abrasion-resistant.

  • Grade 500:

This type of quenched and tempered steel has medium carbon high hardness. It is also abrasion-resistant Steel. It is mostly known for its long shelf life. The typical applications of this type of quenched and tempered Steel are dump trucks lines, earthmoving buckets, cutting edges, and ground engaging tools. 

What are the most common applications of quenched and tempered Steel?

Constant tempered Steel is used in various industries. It has multiple applications such as

  1. Storage tanks 
  2. Bridges and high-rise buildings
  3. Excavator and loader buckets
  4. Deflector plates 
  5. Gear wheels 
  6. Cutting edges
  7. Earthmoving buckets 
  8. Dump truck wear liners 
  9. Chutes
  10. Low Loader Trailers

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HISTORY-OF-STEEL-–-Part-6-–-Steel-in-the-United-States-of-America

HISTORY OF STEEL – Steel in the United States of America

There were vast untapped resources of iron in the West. The United States produced only one-fifth of the total iron that England had produced. Post the Civil War, however, American industrialists focused on the Bessemer process and gave birth to a steel industry that would reap more profits than the Gold Rush of 1849. American steel would be used to build roads, bridges, and railway tracks across the country.

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